FFF Two-Handed Casting Instructor

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FFF TWO-HANDED CASTING INSTRUCTOR PROGRAM

OBJECTIVES OF THE TWO-HANDED CASTING INSTRUCTOR (THCI) PROGRAM:
" To evaluate and certify qualified Two Handed Casting Instructors
" Provide direction and support for THCI candidates who seek to certify as THCI

DUTIES AND PRACTICES OF THE THCI COMMITTEE
" Establish standards for instructors
" Establish and maintain a common glossary of terms
" Conduct clinics and workshops at appropriate venues
" Provide and maintain a study guide of instruction.
" Administer the testing of candidates and maintain the scope of the test
" Provide information network for casting instructors
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WHY IS THIS GOOD FOR THE SPORT OF FLY FISHING?
This FFF casting instruction programs set a recognized level of instruction that will better aid in the instruction of all levels of casters, from beginners to advanced. The program encourages the exchange of teaching methods, fault analyzing and corrections, and casting concepts among instructors. This program promotes a common language of terms and a standard approach to casting mechanics amongst instructors to provide consistency and clarity of instruction.

WHY BECOME A TWO-HANDED CASTING INSTRUCTOR?
o Become a more effective and knowledgeable instructor through the process of preparing for the test.
o Have your casting and instruction skills recognized by completing the test.
o Become a part of the network of casting instructors and glean from the associated casting instruction programs.
o Have your name and contact with links to your e-mail on the FFF website's list of recommended certified casting instructors that is available worldwide.
o Have your name and contact listed as a certified casting instructor in Black's Fly Fishing, the annual fly-fishing reference and buyer's guide.
o Receive the FFF's quarterly newsletter of teaching tips and a certificate of completion to recognize your achievement.

ADMINISTRATION OF THE PROGRAM
The THCI Committee, a group formed by the Casting Board of Governors, maintains, monitors and administers the THCI program.
o A Casting Board of Governor (CBOG) who has completed the THCI test, has given an initial test with THCI examiner is approved to be an examiner and may administer the THCI test.
o A Master Casting Instructor (MCI) may apply for approval from the THCI committee to become an examiner.
o A non-partial observer will witness all testing of THCI candidates:
o CBOG/THCI Committee member may use a CBOG, MCI, or Casting Instructor (CI) as an observer.
o CBOG/THCI who is as an examiner may use a CBOG, MCI, CI/THCI as an observer.
o MCI/THCI who is as an examiner may use a CBOG or MCI/THCI as an observer.
o When possible and practical, the observer will be a THCI certified instructor.
All non-THCI certified observers are not eligible to receive a test for 3 months following the test they assisted.

WHAT ARE THE FEES?
The fees for THCI Certification are:
o For candidates who have not achieved FFF Certified Casting Instructor status: A registration fee of $50, to reserve a CI certification workshop and CI or THCI written test. Both the workshop and written test are required prerequisites for THCI Certification. This fee will permit the THCI candidate to complete the remaining performance portion of the CI certification process if he/she wishes at no additional cost.
o A registration fee of $100 to take the THCI certification test, with an additional $50 fee due at the successful completion of the test. If the test is not passed, there is a 1-year grace period where the candidate can retest without forfeiting the registration fee.
o An annual renewal fee of $25, which covers the costs of administering the program. The certified CI, THCI, and MCI will pay only one annual renewal fee of $25 regardless of the number of casting certifications held.
o Additional fees may be charged by the Examiner (s).

HOW DO YOU BECOME CERTIFIED AND WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS?
o Be a FFF member.
o Although not required, it is recommended that first you successfully complete the FFF Certified Casting Instructor (CI) test. This program's workshop and written exam will fulfill the requirements to be eligible for the THCI test. In addition, this will also better prepare you for questions related to instruction and casting mechanics.
o Candidates who are not FFF certified casting instructors (non-CI), are required to register with FFF Headquarters for a Certified Casting Instructor workshop. The non-CI candidate must attend a casting/teaching workshop and pass a THCI written test or a CI written test prior to the THCI test. The non-CI requirements of a casting workshop and written test are to establish a base knowledge relative to the certified casting instructors.
o Those candidates having a CI, MCI or FFF European Casting Instructor Certification have met the workshop requirements and may advance directly to the THCI test.
o Candidates must pass both an oral and performance test that demonstrates their teaching and casting abilities, as well as the ability to analyze faults and give clear corrections. If the candidate fails the test, he/she may retest within one year at no additional cost. The candidate's retest will be a complete review of the entire test.

THE FIRST STEPS TO RECEIVE A TEST
o Contact the FFF Headquarters in Livingston, Montana to determine the next certification opportunity in your area. Due to the test location requiring a site with suitable water, the time length of the test, and the limited number of examiners the testing locations and opportunities will be limited. An effort will be made to offer the test at the annual FFF Conclave, various Spey casting events and for scheduled groups.
o Registration is the first step to arrange a test. This will position you on a candidate waiting list, placing you in order for testing and informs the casting program of your request and location. The waiting list will also assist in filling test cancellations and to organize a group of candidates for testing.

HOW SHOULD I PREPARE?
o Develop a broad knowledge of two-handed casting, to include various fishing casts, different styles and stroke lengths of casting and various fishing techniques.
o Teach frequently, develop your method of instruction, develop written lesson plans and class outlines for various class sizes and lengths of sessions.
o Assist a certified casting instructor when possible. Learn their method of instruction and the terms used to communicate the instruction.
o Attend the annual FFF Conclave and take part in the casting workshops and programs.
o Study from other known casters through workshops and/or attend the various "Speyclaves".
o Study current publications, books, videos and DVDs. Also include the older classic books to enhance your knowledge of the classic styles and methodology.
o Study and practice the required casting tasks listed in the test. Develop brief concise answers to required explanations.
o Develop the ability to analyze casting faults, know the source of the faults and their correction.
o Review past issues of the Loop quarterly for related articles on instruction, rod mechanics, and casting.
o Utilize the Master Casting Instructor Study Guide for an information and study resource.

PREPARING FOR THE PERFORMANCE TEST
o Select a rod that matches your casting style. Be cautious of selecting the largest rod possible for the test. Choose a rod length, weight and action that will enhance your casting.
o Use a line that matches the rod and complements your casting style. This line should perform all the required tasks on the test with ease. In selecting the line style use the line recommendations provided in the performance test guidelines.
o Pre-determine a hold point on your line. Cast to targets at 80 feet and 100 feet to determine and mark hold points, respectively, on your line. These hold marks will assist you in practicing at proper distances. In addition these hold marks will be required as a reference point during the test. Note the test requires the fly to land at or exceed the required distances to the targets listed.
o Read and understand the requirements of the test.
o Have an understanding of each cast reviewed in the test. Be able to explain how, where and why each cast is used.
o Tasks in the performance test review several casting faults. Have an understanding of these faults and be able to explain how, where and why if requested.
o Have short concise answers to all of the "explain and demonstrate" tasks. Have more than one short explanation and be prepared to explain in further depth if requested.
o Cast frequently and fine-tune all the required casts. Develop smooth casting moves and well-defined loops that unroll cleanly for all the tasks and distances required.
o Practice with a fellow caster and critique each others casting to foster improvements.
o Be prepared to encounter a level of stress that may arise during the test. As a precaution add 10 to 15 percent to all the required distances during practice.
o Teach frequently and when possible assist other instructors. Develop several short simple verbal explanations for each task. Complement this with hands-on guidance and short demonstrations.
o Develop a method of instruction that has a simple progression of learning. Organize a sign-up sheet and class outlines. Arrange the outline to structure the class within the time provided.
o Learn to analyze casting faults and their correction. If more than one-fault exists, be able to prioritize the faults and address the most serious fault first.
o Develop casting exercises to remedy faults and instill good practice.
o Take a THCI workshop from a certified instructor.
o Take a pre-test from a THCI certified instructor or an experienced two-handed caster.

WHAT TO EXPECT DURING THE TEST
o Be prepared, have all gear and equipment in order.
o The test will be conducted on water. This may be still or moving water and is subject to the available testing site.
o Prior to the test beginning, the rod length and weight, the line size and leader length all will be noted.
o The line will be qualified to measured targets at 80 feet and 100 feet, foot to target. At this time a hold point will be established as a reference point that will gauge the casts during the test.
o The test consists of oral questions and performance tasks. The oral questions may encompass fishing, casting, rod mechanics, and instruction. This Study Guide lists the performance tasks required by the test. All the performance tasks need to meet or exceed the request of the examiner.
o The observer may ask questions indirectly through the examiner for clarity. The examiner may seek the opinion of the observer during the testing process. A test may have more than one examiner and or observer. The "lead" examiner will conduct the questioning of the test to maintain clarity.

SOME PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED DURING TESTING
Learn from these points and use the recommendations in this study guide to assist your preparation.
The following is a list of errors that have occurred during the performance test. Learn form these mistakes of the past and use the recommendations in this study guide to assist your preparation.
o Fly line body too short for the 80-foot demonstration tasks. There is no shooting of line allowed for these tasks.
o The fly rod is an improper match for the casters style resulting in poorly shaped casts.
o Used a "new" rod and had not spent sufficient time casting prior to the test resulting in poor casts.
o Used a rod and line too large and the candidate became tired resulting in poor casts near the end of the test.
o The forming casts have an irregular rod path that results in a piled anchor points that are positioned inconsistently.
o Failed to show a distinct "D" loop shape and lacked clear explanations of where, when and why for "D" and "V" loop shapes.
o Explanations were too wordy and hard to follow. Failed to have a short clear answer to how, where, when, why questions related to the task.
o Tailing loops in the forward cast.
o Candidate fails to form the cast at a 90-degree or greater change-of-direction.
o The forward loop slightly tails at the end of the rollout.
o 100-foot casts have a soft forward loop that lacks line speed.
o Failed to have an understanding of the underhand cast and/or failed to demonstrate it properly.
o Failed to analyze the casting faults quickly when presented.
o When presented with multiple faults, failed to prioritize the faults and address the most detrimental.

RECOMMENDED LIST OF STUDY MATERIALS
This is a condense list that is a starting baseline for information sources.

Books
-ART AND SCIENCE OF SPEYFISHING - Mike Maxwell
-ADVANCED SPEYFISHING - Mike Maxwell
-FINE AND FAR OFF - Jock Scott
-FLYFISHING FOR SALMON AND SEATROUT - Arthur Oglesby
-SALMON FISHING - Hugh Falkus
-SPEY CASTING - Simon Gawesworth
- A NEW TECHNIQUE - Hugh Falkus

Videos
-ADVANCED SPEYCASTING - Mike and Denise Maxwell
-ADVANCED SPEYFISHING - Mike and Denise Maxwell
-BASIC SPEY AND TWO HANDED FLY ROD CASTING - Jim Vincent
-THE ESSENCE OF SPEY CASTING - Mel Krieger
- INTRODUCTION TO: SPEY CASTING - John and Amy Hazel
-INSTRUCTING SPEYCASTING - Mike and Denise Maxwell
-INTERNATIONAL SPEY CASTING - Jim Vincent
-SPEY CASTING - Hugh Falkus
-SPEY CASTING SECRETS - (10 of the best spey casters at the Sandyclave) Mark Bachmann
-SPEYCASTING WITH MICHAEL EVANS - Michael Evans
-SPEY MASTER CLASS WITH DERRICK BROWN - Derrick Brown
-THE PERFECT CAST - Henrik Mortensen

DVD
-THE ART OF SPEY CASTING - SAGE presents the best spey casters at the 2004 Spey-O-Rama
-ADVANCED SPEY CASTING - Andy Murray (available through Cortland)
- INTRODUCTION TO: SPEY CASTING - John and Amy Hazel
-MODERN SPEY CASTING - Dec Hogan
-THE PERFECT CAST - Henrik Mortensen

Two-Handed Casting Instructor
Performance Test

The FFF Two-Handed Casting Instructor Performance Test will be conducted on water. The test may be done on still or moving water. On still water those tasks noted must be cast from off-shoulder or opposite hand. On moving water those tasks noted must be cast from the bank noted. All other tasks may be caster's choice of bank or rod-hand as noted.

o The rod will not exceed 15 feet in length and the line weight will be no greater than a 10 weight. The candidate is required to perform all the floating line tasks with one rod. A second rod may be used for the sink-tip tasks.
o Two lines are required:
1. A floating line of the casters choice, providing it will qualify as required.
2. A sink-tip line that is at least 15 feet in length and at least a type 6 sink rate and may be the style of line that is the caster's choice.
o The leader will be no shorter than 10 feet and no longer than 15 feet for the floating line. The sink-tip line has no leader length requirement.

The candidate must perform all of the casts with ease and proficiency. The casts are expected to be formed smoothly with straight anchor placements and have well formed forward loops that unroll completely, straightening the leader. The verbal descriptions are to be clear and simple providing concise instruction. The examiner has the option to allow the candidate up to three attempts for each performance task. If the candidate fails 6 or more tasks during the performance test or fails more than 2 tasks within any required cast, the test is failed.

The candidate's floating line is to be qualified to a distance of 80 feet, measured from foot to target. The fly/yarn must reach the 80-foot qualifying distance in three of the first five casts, no shooting line allowed. If the line fails to reach this requirement, it will be disallowed. Upon the line qualifying, (80 feet, foot to target), a holding mark will be approved at this length. It is recommended that the candidate have a known visible holding mark established at the 80-foot qualifying distance prior to the test for their reference. It is recommended that the fly line head length (the working line from rod tip to leader) exceed 60 feet in length. This will assure the candidate's line to qualify within the requirements.
To accommodate an extreme situation or adverse conditions the examiner, if deemed necessary, may make a 10% reduction in distance.

Candidate's tackle: Rod length and weight : _______ , Line size: _______ , Leader length: ______ .

Overhead Cast (must be performed over water)

1. ____ Demonstrate 3-4 false casts at 70', with narrow loops forward and back.

2. ____ Demonstrate 3-4 false casts at 70', with narrow loops forward and back from off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

3. ____ Explain and demonstrate loop size. Start with wide loops followed by narrow loops in 3-4 false casts at 70'.

4. ____ Demonstrate a tailing loop on command. Explain how a tailing loop is formed.

5. ____ Demonstrate an Overhead Cast with a change of direction cast (30 degrees or greater).

6. ____ Demonstrate an Overhead Cast shooting line to 100'.

Roll Cast (may be performed from left or right bank)

1. ____ Demonstrate a dead line Roll Cast at 70'.

2. ____ Demonstrate a dead line Roll Cast at 70' from off-shoulder/or opposite hand.

Switch Cast also known as Forward Spey

The fly must not anchor behind the caster's position at the point of making the forward delivery and the forward cast must unroll smoothly above the water. May be performed from left or right bank.

1. ____ Demonstrate a Switch Cast at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow forward loops with "D" loops followed by a demonstration of "V" loops.

2. ____ Demonstrate a Switch Cast at 80' without shooting line from off-shoulder /or opposite hand, forming narrow forward loops with "D" loops followed by a demonstration of "V" loops.

3. ____ Explain and demonstrate a slack anchor point with the piled anchor.

4. ____ Explain and demonstrate the relationship between length of line carried and casting stroke length.


Single Spey
The fly must not anchor behind the caster's position at the point of making the forward delivery and the forward cast must unroll above the water. To be performed from the bank noted.

1. Lf ____ Demonstrate a Single Spey at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow forward loops with a change of direction of 45 degrees. From the left bank.

2. Lf ____ Demonstrate a Single Spey with a change of direction of 45 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the left bank.

3. Rt ____ Demonstrate a Single Spey at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 45 degrees. From the right bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

4. Rt ____ Demonstrate a Single Spey with a change of direction of 45 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the right bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

5. Lf/Rt ____ Demonstrate a Single Spey at 80'without shooting line, form narrow loops with a direction change of 90 degrees or more.

6. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate the fly anchoring incorrectly, on the downstream side of the forward cast.

7. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate an anchor point that is too far upstream for the intended forward cast.

8. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate a slack anchor point with a bloody L.


Double Spey
The fly must not anchor behind the caster's position at the point of making the forward delivery and the forward cast must unroll above the water. To be performed from the bank noted.

1. Lf ____ Demonstrate a Double Spey at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 90 degrees. From the left bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

2. Lf ____ Demonstrate a Double Spey with a change of direction of 90 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the left bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

3. Rt ____ Demonstrate a Double Spey at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 90 degrees. From the right bank.

4. Rt ____ Demonstrate a Double Spey with a change of direction of 90 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the right bank.

5. Lf/Rt ____ Demonstrate a Double Spey at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a direction change of 45 degrees or less.

6. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate where and why the anchor point should land at the end of the first stage of the Double Spey.

7. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate a slack anchor point with a bloody L.

8. Lf/Rt ____Explain and demonstrate the difference when casting with very little backspace (6') behind the caster, and a lot of backspace behind (40').


Snake Roll
The fly must not anchor behind the caster's position at the point of making the forward delivery and the forward cast must unroll above the water. To be performed from the bank noted.

1. Lf ____ Demonstrate a Snake Roll at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 90 degrees. From the left bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

2. Lf ____ Demonstrate a Snake Roll with a change of direction of 90 degrees shooting line to 100'. From the left bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

3. Rt ____ Demonstrate a Snake Roll at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 90.

4. Rt ____ Demonstrate a Snake Roll with a change of direction of 90 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the right bank.

5. Lf/Rt ____ Demonstrate a Snake Roll at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a direction change of 45 degrees or less.

6. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate a poorly timed forward cast.

7. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate a curved anchor placement resulting from an improper alignment of the "e" or oval during the cast formation.

Snap T or Circle Cast
The candidate may choose which cast to demonstrate. The fly must not anchor behind the caster's position at the point of making the forward delivery and the forward cast must unroll above the water. To be performed from bank noted.

1. Lf ____ Demonstrate a cast at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 45 degrees. From the left bank.

2. Lf ____ Demonstrate a cast with a change of direction of 45 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the left bank.

3. Rt ____ Demonstrate a cast at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a change of direction of 45 degrees. From the right bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

4. Rt ____ Demonstrate a cast with a change of direction of 45 degrees or more, shooting line to 100'. From the right bank; or off-shoulder /or opposite hand.

5. Lf/Rt ____ Demonstrate a cast at 80' without shooting line, forming narrow loops with a direction change of 90 degrees or more.

Other Tasks (either bank)
1. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate shooting line. When is the proper time to release the line?

2. Lf/Rt ___ Explain and demonstrate line control mends; mending upriver and down river.

3. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate the Underhand cast. Describe the choice of rod, line, leader.

The candidate must use a sink-tip of type 6 or greater and 15' or longer for the following.

4. Lf/Rt ____ Explain and demonstrate what is needed to get a sinking line (or sink tip) up to the surface in order to perform a successful cast.

5. Lf/Rt ____ Demonstrate a Single Spey, shooting line to 80' with a sinking line.

6. Lf/Rt ____ Demonstrate a Double Spey, shooting line to 80' with a sinking line.

Teaching ability / fault correction:
Part One: The candidate will be asked to demonstrate their ability to instruct and describe their method of instruction.

Part Two: The candidate will be presented with several common casting errors and asked to correctly identify the problem and its source, and then recommend a cure. If more than one error is presented then the candidate is to resolve this in an appropriate manner. Answers should be concise and clear.

Optional Oral Questions.
The candidate may be asked additional oral questions by the examiner. These questions are to allow the candidate's depth of knowledge in casting to be revealed. Answers should be concise and clear.